Once more Jesus spoke to them in parables, saying: 2The kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who gave a wedding banquet for his son. 3He sent his slaves to call those who had been invited to the wedding banquet, but they would not come. 4Again he sent other slaves, saying, 'Tell those who have been invited: Look, I have prepared my dinner, my oxen and my fat calves have been slaughtered, and everything is ready; come to the wedding banquet.' 5But they made light of it and went away, one to his farm, another to his business, 6while the rest seized his slaves, mistreated them, and killed them. 7The king was enraged. He sent his troops, destroyed those murderers, and burned their city. 8Then he said to his slaves, 'The wedding is ready, but those invited were not worthy. 9Go therefore into the main streets, and invite everyone you find to the wedding banquet.' 10Those slaves went out into the streets and gathered all whom they found, both good and bad; so the wedding hall was filled with guests.
11But when the king came in to see the guests, he noticed a man there who was not wearing a wedding robe, 12and he said to him, 'Friend, how did you get in here without a wedding robe?' And he was speechless. 13Then the king said to the attendants, 'Bind him hand and foot, and throw him into the outer darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.' 14For many are called, but few are chosen."
When my mom and dad returned from visiting Israel and Palestine, they told me that sometimes nice unsuspecting Christians from the West fall for a little scam. Apparently they buy tours of Biblical sites that include a visit to the very road where the Good Samaritan helped the man beaten by thieves. This seems like it would really complete a trip to the Holy Land until you realize that the Good Samaritan was a parable. It would be like selling tickets to see the childhood home of the Billy Goats Gruff.
But our desire to believe that there is an actual road we could visit where the Good Samaritan helped the beaten man points to our desire to domesticate parables into something understandable and unchanged that we can take snap shots of ourselves standing in front of while on vacation.
But that’s not what parables are – they are metaphoric speech, part riddle, part joke, part fable and totally unsolvable. And they can be maddening which is why throughout Christian history people have tried to define what each one means and neatly allegorize them so they are less mysterious – which, for the record is like trying to nail jello to a tree.
But I understand wanting to simplify parables into something small and understandable - preferably with a moral lesson tacked onto the end. Yet what makes Jesus’ parables so powerful is that they are endless sources of meaning… but we have to be willing to keep tilting our head in different directions to see them anew. And this week, with this parable I just couldn’t seem to tilt my head enough.
Because our parable for today is a real doozy. Here’s how I heard it: A king throws a wedding banquet and invites the other rich, slave-owning powerful people. Seemingly unimpressed by the promised veal cutlet at the wedding feast, the elite invitees laugh at the invitation and proceed to abuse and then kill the slaves of the king. Well then the king kills them back. But he doesn’t stop there, not to be outdone, he burns down the city… and it is there amidst the burning carnage of the newly destroyed city he sends more slaves to go find whoever they can to fill the seats. After all…the food is ready and he has all these fancy robes for the guests. All he cares about is having every seat filled at his big party. But who is left? He burned the city. The rich and powerful have been murdered so it’s the regular folks wandering the streets looking for their dead, picking apart the charred debris of their burned city who are then told that they have no choice but to go to the party of the guy responsible. and it’s already been established that he doesn’t respond well if you turn him down. So the terrified masses show up and pretend that this capricious tyrant didn’t just lay waste to their city. Out of fear they all dutifully put on their wedding robes given them at the door and they pretend. Slipping on a gorgeous garment was what you did for a king's wedding feast. And the guests got to keep the outfits, just a little souvenir of the king's generosity - and a reminder to keep in line. You don't get anything from the empire without it costing you a bit of your life.
Well, our story ends with these well dressed survivors looking on as the King spots the one guy at the banquet who isn’t wearing a wedding robe. And when the innocent man has nothing to say for himself the king has this scapegoat hogtied and thrown into the outer darkness. Many are called but few are chosen he says.
Now, that is clearly the Nadia International Version of the parable but I think my hearing of it is really influenced by what’s happening in the world right now.
Because this week- months after the Arab Spring, and after weeks of the growing wall street occupation well, – in this climate of discontent and dissent as we all begin to wake from our consumer induced coma to see how multi national corporations control so much more than we can imagine, in a season when tyrants are being over thrown, I simply could not preach a sermon in which I say that God is like an angry murderous slave owning king. Maybe there is a way of finding good news in that but I just couldn’t do it.
Instead, I started to wonder: why is it that we want to think that in parables God is always the rich man, the ruler, the slave owner, the tyrant. Maybe its because we’ve been told that God is on the side of victory and winning and power and empire. But that’s just not the God we see revealed in Jesus Christ. St. Matthew – whose gospel this parable was taken from, well, Matthew is always contrasting the kingdom of empire with the kingdom of heaven.
So what if the hero is the guy who wouldn’t don the king’s wedding robe? What if kingdom of heaven is like someone who shows up and says no to empire. Who stands speechless before his accusers…what if the kingdom of heaven is like someone who is made a scapegoat for others because we are too scared to speak the truth? What if the kingdom of heaven is like someone who is hog tied for not participating in the charade of pretending God is OK with the powerful victimizing the weak. What if the kingdom of heaven is like someone who is thrown by the empire into the outer-darkness and what if the name of that outer darkness is Calvary.
Because If there is a king in the Gospel that looks anything like the God that we gather to worship, it looks like the King called Jesus; the one who came not to be served, but to serve and to offer his life in exchange for our death. If there is a king in the Gospel that looks anything like the God that we gather to worship it looks like the King called Jesus; the one who was the unexpected embodiment of truth – the kind of truth that disarms the powerful.
All of the promises of empire - jobs, security, national strength, economic prosperity - all come with a cost. I cannot even begin to examine the ways in which I am both victimized by and complicit in the ways of empire. But Jesus doesn't play the games of empire. He choses a way that looks like complete failure through the eyes of empire, but which is the way of forgiveness, mercy, peace and life. Jesus takes on the brutality of the empire and defeats it. He defeats it for us, so that we can live in the way of life even amidst the rubble of empire – even amidst all the ways we suffer on account of empire and all the ways we benefit from it. Because the kingdom of heaven is like: a first century Jewish peasant who laughed at the powerful, kissed lepers, befriended prostitutes and ate with all the wrong people and whom the authorities and the powerful elite had to hog tie and throw into the outer darkness. What if the kingdom of heaven is like Jesus. And what if it is from this place of outer darkness that everything is changed? In the outer darkness of Calvary where death is swallowed up forever.
Listen today to the words that will introduce the passing of the peace later in the liturgy:
He will not command legions of angels
nor ride the machine of holy war;
he will become a slave,
take our hate into his heart
and win us with forgiveness,
for he is God’s unexpected peace.
*I would be remiss were I not to aknowledge how much Debbie Blue's post this week on The Hardest Question inspired this sermon. As did my sermonating conversations with Paul Fromberg from St Gregory Of Nyssa in San Fransisco.
**image from St Cecillia Catholic Church in Detroit